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Setup and Run

Required Technology Stack


To turn on the DLUX UI, install DLUX core feature via running following command on the Karaf console -

feature:install odl-dlux-core

The above command will install odl-restconf along with core DLUX components. Once this feature is successfully installed, access the UI at http://localhost:8181/index.html. The default credentials for login are admin/admin. After successful login you’ll see empty page. For applications, continue with DluxApps project.

DLUX Modules

DLUX modules are the individual features such as nodes and topology. Each module has a defined structure and you can find all existing modules at

Module Structure

  • module_folder
    • <module_name>.module.js
    • <module_name>.controller.js
    • <module_name>.services.js
    • <module_name>.directives.js
    • <module_name>.filter.js
    • index.tpl.html
    • <a_stylesheet>.css

Create New Module

Define the module

  1. Create an empty maven project and create your module folder under src/main/resources.
  2. Create an empty file with pattern <module_name>.module.js.
  3. Next, you need to surround the angular module with a define function. This allows RequireJs to see our module.js files. The first argument is an array which contains all the module’s dependencies. The second argument is a callback function, whose body contain the AngularJS code base. The function parameters correspond with the order of dependencies. Each dependency is injected into a parameter, if it is provided.
  4. Finally, you will return the angular module to be able to inject it as a parameter in others modules.

For each new module, you must have at least these two dependencies :

  • angularAMD : It’s a wrapper around AngularJS to provide an AMD (Asynchronous Module Definition) support, which is used by RequireJs. For more information see the AMD documentation.
  • app/core/ : This one is mandatory, if you want to add content in the navigation menu, the left bar or the top bar.

The following are not mandatory, but very often used.

  • angular-ui-router : A library to provide URL routing.
  • routingConfig : To set the level access to a page.

Your module.js file might look like this:

define(['angularAMD','app/routingConfig', 'angular-ui-router','app/core/'], function(ng) {
   var module = angular.module('app.a_module', ['ui.router.state', 'app.core']);
   // module configuration
   module.config(function() {
  return module;

Set the register function

AngularJS allows lazy registration of a module’s components such as controller, factory etc. Once you will install your application, DLUX will load your module javascript, but not your angular component during bootstrap phase. You have to register your angular components to make sure they are available at the runtime.

Here is how to register your module’s component for lazy initialization -

module.config(function($compileProvider, $controllerProvider, $provide) {
   module.register = {
     controller : $controllerProvider.register,
     directive : $compileProvider.directive,
     factory : $provide.factory,
     service : $provide.service

Set the route

The next step is to set up the route for your module. This part is also done in the configuration method of the module. We have to add $stateProvider as a parameter.

module.config(function($stateProvider) {
   var access = routingConfig.accessLevels;
   $stateProvider.state('main.module', {
     url: 'module',
     views : {
       'content' : {
         templateUrl: 'src/app/module/module.tpl.html',
         controller: 'ModuleCtrl'

Adding element to the navigation menu

To be able to add item to the navigation menu, the module requires the NavHelperProvider parameter in the configuration method. addToMenu method in NavMenuHelper helper allows an item addition to the menu.

var module = angular.module('app.a_module', ['app.core']);
module.config(function(NavMenuHelper) {
    NavMenuHelper.addToMenu('myFirstModule', {
        "link" : "#/module/index",
        "active" : "module",
        "title" : "My First Module",
        "icon" : "icon-sitemap",
        "page" : {
            "title" : "My First Module",
            "description" : "My first module"

The first parameter is an ID that refers to the level of your menu and the second is a object. For now, The ID parameter supports two levels of depth. If your ID looks like rootNode.childNode, the helper will look for a node named rootNode and it will append the childNode to it. If the root node doesn’t exist, it will create it.

Create the controller, factory, directive, etc

Creating the controller and other components is similar to the module.

  • First, add the define method.
  • Second, add the relative path to the module definition.
  • Last, create your methods as you usually do it with AngularJS.

For example -

define(['<relative_path_to_module>/<module_name>.module'], function(module) {
   module.register.controller('ModuleCtrl', function($rootScope, $scope) {

Add new application using DLUX modularity

DLUX works as a Karaf based UI platform, where you can create a new Karaf feature of your UI component and install that UI applications in DLUX using blueprint. This page will help you to create and load a new application for DLUX. You don’t have to add new module in DLUX repository.

Add a new OSGi blueprint bundle

The OSGi Blueprint Container specification allows us to use dependency injection in our OSGi environment. Each DLUX application module registers itself via blueprint configuration. Each application will have its own blueprint.xml to place its configuration.

  1. Create a maven project to place blueprint configuration. For reference, take a look at topology bundle, present at All the existing DLUX modules’ configurations are available under bundles directory of DLUX code.
  2. In pom.xml, you have to add a maven plugin to unpack your module code under generated-resources of this project. For reference, you can check pom.xml of dlux/bundles/topology at Your bundle will eventually get deployed in Karaf as feature, so your bundle should contain all your module code. If you want to combine module and bundle project, that should not be an issue either.
  3. Create a blueprint.xml configuration file under src/main/resources/OSGI-INF/blueprint. Below is the content of the blueprint.xml taken from topology bundles’s blueprint.xml. Any new application should create a blueprint.xml in following format -
<blueprint xmlns="">
    <reference id="httpService" availability="mandatory" activation="eager" interface="org.osgi.service.http.HttpService"/>
    <reference id="loader" availability="mandatory" activation="eager" interface="org.opendaylight.dlux.loader.DluxModuleLoader"/>

    <bean id="bundle" init-method="initialize" destroy-method="clean" class="org.opendaylight.dlux.loader.DluxModule">
      <property name="httpService" ref="httpService"/>
      <property name="loader" ref="loader"/>
      <property name="moduleName" value="topology "/>
      <property name="url" value="/src/app/topology"/>
      <property name="directory" value="/topology"/>
      <property name="requireJs" value="app/topology/topology.module"/>
      <property name="angularJs" value="app.topology"/>
      <property name="cssDependencies">

In above configuration, there are two references with id httpService and loader. These two beans will already be initialized by dlux-core, so any new application can use them. Without these two bean references, a new application will not be able to register.

Next is the initialization of your application bean, which will be an instance of class org.opendaylight.dlux.loader.DluxModule. There are 5 properties that you should provide in this bean besides the references of httpService and loader. Lets talk about those bean properties in little more detail.

moduleName : Name of your module. This name should be unique in DLUX.

url: This is the url via which RequireJS in DLUX will try to load your module JS/HTML files. Also, this is the url that browser will use to load the static HTML, JS or CSS files. RequireJS in DLUX has a base path of src, so all the url should start with /src so RequireJS and the browser can correctly find the files.

directory: In your bundle’s pom.xml, you unpack your module code. This is the directory where your actual static files will reside. The above mentioned url is registered with httpService, so when browser makes a call to that url, it will be redirected to the directory mentioned here. In the above example, all the topology files are present under /topology directory and the browser/RequireJS can access those files with uri /src/app/topology.

requireJS: This is the path to your RequireJS module. If you notice closely, you will see the initial path of RequireJS app/topology in the above example matches with the last part of url. This path will be be used by RequireJS. As mentioned above, we have kept src as base path in RequireJS, that is the exact reason that url start with /src.

angularJS: name of your AngularJS module.

cssDependencies: If the application has any external/internal css dependencies, then those can be added here. If you create your own css files, just point to those css files here. Use the url path that you mentioned above, so the browser can find your css file.

OSGi understands blueprint.xml, once you will deploy your bundle in karaf (or you can create a new feature for your application), karaf will read your blueprint.xml and it will try to register your application with dlux. Once successful, if you refresh your dlux UI, you will see your application in left hand navigation bar of dlux.

Yang Utils

Yang Utils are used by UI to perform all CRUD operations. All of these utilities are present in file. It has following AngularJS factories -

  • arrayUtils – defines functions for working with arrays.
  • pathUtils – defines functions for working with xpath (paths to APIs and subAPIs). It divides xpath string to array of elements, so this array can be later used for search functions.
  • syncFact – provides synchronization between requests to and from OpenDaylight when it’s needed.
  • custFunct – it is linked with apiConnector.createCustomFunctionalityApis in yangui controller in yangui.controller.js. That function makes it possible to create some custom function called by the click on button in index.tpl.html. All custom functions are stored in array and linked to specific subAPI. When particular subAPI is expanded and clicked, its inputs (linked root node with its child nodes) are displayed in the bottom part of the page and its buttons with custom functionality are displayed also.
  • reqBuilder – Builds object in JSON format from input fields of the UI page. Show Preview button on Yang UI use this builder. This request is sent to OpenDaylight when button PUT or POST is clicked.
  • yinParser – factory for reading .xml files of yang models and creating object hierarchy. Every statement from yang is represented by a node.
  • nodeWrapper – adds functions to objects in tree hierarchy created with yinParser. These functions provide functionality for every type of node.
  • apiConnector – the main functionality is filling the main structures and linking them. Structure of APIs and subAPIs which is two level array - first level is filled by main APIs, second level is filled by others sub APIs. Second main structure is array of root nodes, which are objects including root node and its children nodes. Linking these two structures is creating links between every subAPI (second level of APIs array) and its root node, which must be displayed like inputs when subAPI is expanded.
  • yangUtils – some top level functions which are used by yangui controller for creating the main structures.