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ODL Parent Developer Guide

Parent POMs

Overview

The ODL Parent component for OpenDaylight provides a number of Maven parent POMs which allow Maven projects to be easily integrated in the OpenDaylight ecosystem. Technically, the aim of projects in OpenDaylight is to produce Karaf features, and these parent projects provide common support for the different types of projects involved.

These parent projects are:

  • odlparent-lite — the basic parent POM for Maven modules which don’t produce artifacts (e.g. aggregator POMs)
  • odlparent — the common parent POM for Maven modules containing Java code
  • bundle-parent — the parent POM for Maven modules producing OSGi bundles

The following parent projects are deprecated, but still used in Carbon:

  • feature-parent — the parent POM for Maven modules producing Karaf 3 feature repositories
  • karaf-parent — the parent POM for Maven modules producing Karaf 3 distributions

The following parent projects are new in Carbon, for Karaf 4 support (which won’t be complete until Nitrogen):

  • single-feature-parent — the parent POM for Maven modules producing a single Karaf 4 feature
  • feature-repo-parent — the parent POM for Maven modules producing Karaf 4 feature repositories
  • karaf4-parent — the parent POM for Maven modules producing Karaf 4 distributions

odlparent-lite

This is the base parent for all OpenDaylight Maven projects and modules. It provides the following, notably to allow publishing artifacts to Maven Central:

  • license information;
  • organization information;
  • issue management information (a link to our Bugzilla);
  • continuous integration information (a link to our Jenkins setup);
  • default Maven plugins (maven-clean-plugin, maven-deploy-plugin, maven-install-plugin, maven-javadoc-plugin with HelpMojo support, maven-project-info-reports-plugin, maven-site-plugin with Asciidoc support, jdepend-maven-plugin);
  • distribution management information.

It also defines two profiles which help during development:

  • q (-Pq), the quick profile, which disables tests, code coverage, Javadoc generation, code analysis, etc. — anything which isn’t necessary to build the bundles and features (see this blog post for details);
  • addInstallRepositoryPath (-DaddInstallRepositoryPath=…/karaf/system) which can be used to drop a bundle in the appropriate Karaf location, to enable hot-reloading of bundles during development (see this blog post for details).

For modules which don’t produce any useful artifacts (e.g. aggregator POMs), you should add the following to avoid processing artifacts:

<build>
    <plugins>
        <plugin>
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
            <artifactId>maven-deploy-plugin</artifactId>
            <configuration>
                <skip>true</skip>
            </configuration>
        </plugin>
        <plugin>
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
            <artifactId>maven-install-plugin</artifactId>
            <configuration>
                <skip>true</skip>
            </configuration>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
</build>

odlparent

This inherits from odlparent-lite and mainly provides dependency and plugin management for OpenDaylight projects.

If you use any of the following libraries, you should rely on odlparent to provide the appropriate versions:

  • Akka (and Scala)
  • Apache Commons:
    • commons-codec
    • commons-fileupload
    • commons-io
    • commons-lang
    • commons-lang3
    • commons-net
  • Apache Shiro
  • Guava
  • JAX-RS with Jersey
  • JSON processing:
    • GSON
    • Jackson
  • Logging:
    • Logback
    • SLF4J
  • Netty
  • OSGi:
    • Apache Felix
    • core OSGi dependencies (core, compendium…)
  • Testing:
    • Hamcrest
    • JSON assert
    • JUnit
    • Mockito
    • Pax Exam
    • PowerMock
  • XML/XSL:
    • Xerces
    • XML APIs

Note

This list isn’t exhaustive. It’s also not cast in stone; if you’d like to add a new dependency (or migrate a dependency), please contact the mailing list.

odlparent also enforces some Checkstyle verification rules. In particular, it enforces the common license header used in all OpenDaylight code:

/*
 * Copyright © ${year} ${holder} and others.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program and the accompanying materials are made available under the
 * terms of the Eclipse Public License v1.0 which accompanies this distribution,
 * and is available at http://www.eclipse.org/legal/epl-v10.html
 */

where “${year}” is initially the first year of publication, then (after a year has passed) the first and latest years of publication, separated by commas (e.g. “2014, 2016”), and “${holder}” is the initial copyright holder (typically, the first author’s employer). “All rights reserved” is optional.

If you need to disable this license check, e.g. for files imported under another license (EPL-compatible of course), you can override the maven-checkstyle-plugin configuration. features-test does this for its CustomBundleUrlStreamHandlerFactory class, which is ASL-licensed:

<plugin>
    <artifactId>maven-checkstyle-plugin</artifactId>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <id>check-license</id>
            <goals>
                <goal>check</goal>
            </goals>
            <phase>process-sources</phase>
            <configuration>
                <configLocation>check-license.xml</configLocation>
                <headerLocation>EPL-LICENSE.regexp.txt</headerLocation>
                <includeResources>false</includeResources>
                <includeTestResources>false</includeTestResources>
                <sourceDirectory>${project.build.sourceDirectory}</sourceDirectory>
                <excludes>
                    <!-- Skip Apache Licensed files -->
                    org/opendaylight/odlparent/featuretest/CustomBundleUrlStreamHandlerFactory.java
                </excludes>
                <failsOnError>false</failsOnError>
                <consoleOutput>true</consoleOutput>
            </configuration>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

bundle-parent

This inherits from odlparent and enables functionality useful for OSGi bundles:

  • maven-javadoc-plugin is activated, to build the Javadoc JAR;
  • maven-source-plugin is activated, to build the source JAR;
  • maven-bundle-plugin is activated (including extensions), to build OSGi bundles (using the “bundle” packaging).

In addition to this, JUnit is included as a default dependency in “test” scope.

features-parent

This inherits from odlparent and enables functionality useful for Karaf features:

  • karaf-maven-plugin is activated, to build Karaf features — but for OpenDaylight, projects need to use “jar” packaging (not “feature” or “kar”);
  • features.xml files are processed from templates stored in src/main/features/features.xml;
  • Karaf features are tested after build to ensure they can be activated in a Karaf container.

The features.xml processing allows versions to be ommitted from certain feature dependencies, and replaced with “{{version}}”. For example:

<features name="odl-mdsal-${project.version}" xmlns="http://karaf.apache.org/xmlns/features/v1.2.0"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://karaf.apache.org/xmlns/features/v1.2.0 http://karaf.apache.org/xmlns/features/v1.2.0">

    <repository>mvn:org.opendaylight.odlparent/features-odlparent/{{VERSION}}/xml/features</repository>

    [...]
    <feature name='odl-mdsal-broker-local' version='${project.version}' description="OpenDaylight :: MDSAL :: Broker">
        <feature version='${yangtools.version}'>odl-yangtools-common</feature>
        <feature version='${mdsal.version}'>odl-mdsal-binding-dom-adapter</feature>
        <feature version='${mdsal.model.version}'>odl-mdsal-models</feature>
        <feature version='${project.version}'>odl-mdsal-common</feature>
        <feature version='${config.version}'>odl-config-startup</feature>
        <feature version='${config.version}'>odl-config-netty</feature>
        <feature version='[3.3.0,4.0.0)'>odl-lmax</feature>
        [...]
        <bundle>mvn:org.opendaylight.controller/sal-dom-broker-config/{{VERSION}}</bundle>
        <bundle start-level="40">mvn:org.opendaylight.controller/blueprint/{{VERSION}}</bundle>
        <configfile finalname="${config.configfile.directory}/${config.mdsal.configfile}">mvn:org.opendaylight.controller/md-sal-config/{{VERSION}}/xml/config</configfile>
    </feature>

As illustrated, versions can be ommitted in this way for repository dependencies, bundle dependencies and configuration files. They must be specified traditionally (either hard-coded, or using Maven properties) for feature dependencies.

karaf-parent

This allows building a Karaf 3 distribution, typically for local testing purposes. Any runtime-scoped feature dependencies will be included in the distribution, and the karaf.localFeature property can be used to specify the boot feature (in addition to standard).

single-feature-parent

This inherits from odlparent and enables functionality useful for Karaf 4 features:

  • karaf-maven-plugin is activated, to build Karaf features, typically with “feature” packaging (“kar” is also supported);
  • feature.xml files are generated based on the compile-scope dependencies defined in the POM, optionally initialised from a stub in src/main/feature/feature.xml.
  • Karaf features are tested after build to ensure they can be activated in a Karaf container.

The feature.xml processing adds transitive dependencies by default, which allows features to be defined using only the most significant dependencies (those that define the feature); other requirements are determined automatically as long as they exist as Maven dependencies.

“configfiles” need to be defined both as Maven dependencies (with the appropriate type and classifier) and as <configfile> elements in the feature.xml stub.

Other features which a feature depends on need to be defined as Maven dependencies with type “xml” and classifier “features” (note the plural here).

feature-repo-parent

This inherits from odlparent and enables functionality useful for Karaf 4 feature repositories. It follows the same principles as single-feature-parent, but is designed specifically for repositories and should be used only for this type of artifacts.

It builds a feature repository referencing all the (feature) dependencies listed in the POM.

karaf4-parent

This allows building a Karaf 4 distribution, typically for local testing purposes. Any runtime-scoped feature dependencies will be included in the distribution, and the karaf.localFeature property can be used to specify the boot feature (in addition to standard).

Features (for Karaf 3)

The ODL Parent component for OpenDaylight provides a number of Karaf 3 features which can be used by other Karaf 3 features to use certain third-party upstream dependencies.

These features are:

  • Akka features (in the features-akka repository):
    • odl-akka-all — all Akka bundles;
    • odl-akka-scala-2.11 — Scala runtime for OpenDaylight;
    • odl-akka-system-2.4 — Akka actor framework bundles;
    • odl-akka-clustering-2.4 — Akka clustering bundles and dependencies;
    • odl-akka-leveldb-0.7 — LevelDB;
    • odl-akka-persistence-2.4 — Akka persistence;
  • general third-party features (in the features-odlparent repository):
    • odl-netty-4 — all Netty bundles;
    • odl-guava-18 — Guava 18;
    • odl-guava-21 — Guava 21 (not indended for use in Carbon);
    • odl-lmax-3 — LMAX Disruptor;
    • odl-triemap-0.2 — Concurrent Trie HashMap.

To use these, you need to declare a dependency on the appropriate repository in your features.xml file:

<repository>mvn:org.opendaylight.odlparent/features-odlparent/{{VERSION}}/xml/features</repository>

and then include the feature, e.g.:

<feature name='odl-mdsal-broker-local' version='${project.version}' description="OpenDaylight :: MDSAL :: Broker">
    [...]
    <feature version='[3.3.0,4.0.0)'>odl-lmax</feature>
    [...]
</feature>

You also need to depend on the features repository in your POM:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.opendaylight.odlparent</groupId>
    <artifactId>features-odlparent</artifactId>
    <classifier>features</classifier>
    <type>xml</type>
</dependency>

assuming the appropriate dependency management:

<dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.opendaylight.odlparent</groupId>
            <artifactId>odlparent-artifacts</artifactId>
            <version>1.8.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
            <scope>import</scope>
            <type>pom</type>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

(the version number there is appropriate for Carbon). For the time being you also need to depend separately on the individual JARs as compile-time dependencies to build your dependent code; the relevant dependencies are managed in odlparent’s dependency management.

The suggested version ranges are as follows:
  • odl-netty: [4.0.37,4.1.0) or [4.0.37,5.0.0);
  • odl-guava: [18,19) (if your code is ready for it, [19,20) is also available, but the current default version of Guava in OpenDaylight is 18);
  • odl-lmax: [3.3.4,4.0.0)

Features (for Karaf 4)

There are equivalent features to all the Karaf 3 features, for Karaf 4. The repositories use “features4” instead of “features”, and the features use “odl4” instead of “odl”.

The following new features are specific to Karaf 4:

  • Karaf wrapper features (also in the features4-odlparent repository) — these can be used to pull in a Karaf feature using a Maven dependency in a POM:
    • odl-karaf-feat-feature — the Karaf feature feature;
    • odl-karaf-feat-jdbc — the Karaf jdbc feature;
    • odl-karaf-feat-jetty — the Karaf jetty feature;
    • odl-karaf-feat-war — the Karaf war feature.

To use these, all you need to do now is add the appropriate dependency in your feature POM; for example:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.opendaylight.odlparent</groupId>
    <artifactId>odl4-guava-18</artifactId>
    <classifier>features</classifier>
    <type>xml</type>
</dependency>

assuming the appropriate dependency management:

<dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.opendaylight.odlparent</groupId>
            <artifactId>odlparent-artifacts</artifactId>
            <version>1.8.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
            <scope>import</scope>
            <type>pom</type>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

(the version number there is appropriate for Carbon). We no longer use version ranges, the feature dependencies all use the odlparent version (but you should rely on the artifacts POM).